INDIANAPOLIS — Voters hoping to write Bernie Sanders or Evan McMullin in on their Indiana ballot are out of luck.
Interest in write-in candidates is surging, according to Google Trends data, where online searches for the term have hit a record high. Indiana, in particular, is among the top five states searching for “write-in” during a recent seven-day period.
By Thursday afternoon, searches by Hoosiers for Sanders grew so much that Google Trends is classifying it as a “breakout,” meaning the search term has grown by more than 5,000 percent. Another top search is for McMullin, who is running as an independent candidate. Google Trends shows a 1,600 percent growth.
But despite Hoosiers’ interest in possibly voting for Sanders or McMullin, it’s too little, too late. Indiana election law required all write-in candidates to file paperwork with the state by July 5 — and neither of them did.
“If you didn’t file to be a write-in in Indiana, people can’t write you in. Those votes won’t count,” said Valerie Warycha, communications director for the Secretary of State.
For voters who want an option to Democrat Hillary Clinton, Republican Donald Trump or Libertarian Gary Johnson, 15 candidates for president are eligible to be written in. Indiana voters can also consider two eligible write-in candidates for vice president, two for governor and one for the Indiana U.S. Senate seat that are up for election.
No write-in candidates for county, municipal or school board races have declared their interest in running, Bartholomew County Clerk Jay Phelps said.
In Phelps’ six years working in the office, he can’t recall there ever being a declared local write-in candidate.
According to election law experts, the goal of the deadline law is to ensure candidates meet requirements, such as age and residency, and file any necessary financial disclosures. The deadline also gives voters time to learn who the people are that are running for office.
“We don’t want people manipulating the system when they’re flying under the radar as write-in candidates,” said Derek Muller, associate professor of law at Pepperdine University School of Law.
A cynical reason may exist as well. Write-in candidates make getting re-elected more difficult for major and third party candidates, Lloyd Mayer, professor of law at the University of Notre Dame, pointed out.
“They can unexpectedly siphon away votes,” he said.
Deadlines early in the election cycle, enacted by legislators who are already in office, can reduce the number of write-in candidates and discourage people from voting for them.
On his website, McMullin lists Indiana as a state where despite barriers the campaign “will make every effort to ensure your vote counts,” but Mayer described that as an uphill battle. He cited a Supreme Court ruling that says states do not have to allow write-ins at all as long as candidates have other ways to get on the ballot. The McMullin campaign did not respond to questions regarding what efforts they may be making in Indiana.
While Google Trends did not give any insight as to why searches for “write-in” are spiking, Geoffrey Layman, a voting behavior expert at the University of Notre Dame, argued the country is faced with voting between the two most unpopular candidates in the history of polling.
While he expects to see an increase in the number of write-ins this year, Layman said most voters talking about participating in a write-in vote will likely end up voting traditionally.
“When push comes to shove, people who identify with a party usually end up voting for that party,” he said. “Especially in a state like Indiana where you can do a straight ticket vote. It’s just easier.”
The Republic contributed to this report.
Fifteen individuals are eligible as write-in candidates in Indiana for president of the United States:
Darrell L. Castle, Constitution Party
Jill Stein, Green Party
Richard Duncan, Independent
Joseph Maldonado, Independent
Cherunda Fox, Independent
Laurence Kotlikoff, Independent
Ray C. Brown, Independent
Melissa L. Kelly, Independent
Denny C. Jackson, Independent
“Rocky” Roque De La Fuenta, Independent
Matthew (None of the Above) Roberts, Independent
Tom Hoefling, Independent
Ric Mullis, Independent
Emidio Soltysik, Socialist Party
Monica Moorehead, Workers Party
Two individuals are eligible as write-in candidates in Indiana for vice president of the United States:
Scott N. Bradley, Constitution Party
Angela Nicole Walker, Socialist Party
One individual is eligible as a write-in candidate in Indiana for United States Senate:
James L. Johnson, no affiliation listed
Two individuals are eligible as write-in candidates in Indiana for governor:
Christopher Stried, Independent
Adam Adkins, Independent
In general election races where a write-in candidate has declared by the deadline, voters can press the voting-machine button next to the “write-in” listing on the ballot.
By doing so, the voting machine will turn into a keyboard, Bartholomew County Clerk Jay Phelps said.
Voters will need to type in the name of their write-in candidate and press “enter.”
For write-in voting, a drop-down menu listing candidates is not provided, Phelps said.
A written-in name does not have to be spelled absolutely correct, however, as election officials consider voter intent.
“If the name is spelled close, we would count that,” he said.